Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Louis J. Palmer, Jr., Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States 2d Ed Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States 2d Ed books, This updated encyclopedia provides ready information on all aspects of capital punishment in America. It details virtually every capital punishment decision rendered by the United States Supreme Court through 2006, including more than 40 cases decided since publication of the first edition. Entries are also provided for each Supreme Court Justice who has ever rendered a capital punishment opinion. Entries on jurisdictions cite present-day death penalty laws and judicial structure state by state, with synopses of common and unique features. Also included are entries on significant U.S. capital prosecutions; legal principles and procedures in capital cases; organizations that support and oppose capital punishment; capital punishment's impact on persons of African, Asian, Hispanic, and Native American descent, on women, and on foreign nationals; and the methods of execution. Essential facts are also provided on capital punishment in more than 200 other nations. A wealth of statistical data is found throughout.
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Nelly Deaton, Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishments In The World Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishments In The World books, Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is killed by the state as a punishment for a crime. The sentence that someone be punished in such a manner is referred to as a death sentence, whereas the act of carrying out the sentence is known as an execution. Crimes that are punishable by death are known as capital crimes or capital offences, and they commonly include offences such as murder, treason, espionage, war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. Etymologically, the term capital (lit. "of the head", derived via the Latin capitalis from caput, "head") in this context alluded to execution by beheading. Fifty-six countries retain capital punishment, 103 countries have completely abolished it de jure for all crimes, six have abolished it for ordinary crimes (while maintaining it for special circumstances such as war crimes), and 30 are abolitionist in practice. Capital punishment is a matter of active controversy in several countries and states, and positions can vary within a single political ideology or cultural region. In the European Union, Article 2 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union prohibits the use of capital punishment. The Council of Europe, which has 47 member states, has sought to abolish the use of the death penalty by its members absolutely, through Protocol 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. However, this only affects those member states which have signed and ratified it, and they do not include Armenia, Russia, and Azerbaijan. The United Nations General Assembly has adopted, in 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014, non-binding resolutions calling for a global moratorium on executions, with a view to eventual abolition. Although most nations have abolished capital punishment, over 60% of the world's population live in countries where the death penalty is retained, such as China, India, the United States, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Japan and Sri Lanka.
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Wilbur R. Miller, The Social History Of Crime And Punishment In America Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download The Social History Of Crime And Punishment In America books, Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this five-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia: explicates philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; charts changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identifies major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explores in the first four volumes - supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents - evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries in the first four volumes--supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents--provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by David Andrew Schultz, The Encyclopedia Of American Law Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download The Encyclopedia Of American Law books, There's an old saying: Ignorance of the law is no excuse for breaking it. Yet for most people
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Louis J. Palmer, Jr., The Death Penalty In The United States Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download The Death Penalty In The United States books, The death penalty landscape has changed considerably since the 1998 first edition of this book. For example, six states that had the death penalty—Connecticut, Illinois, Maryland, New Jersey, New Mexico and New York—no longer impose the punishment. Some of the changes set out in this second edition involve discussions of all of the significant cases decided by the United States Supreme Court after 1998, including Roper v. Simmons, 543 U.S. 551 (2005); Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (2002); Schriro v. Smith, 126 S.Ct. 7 (2005); Harbison v. Bell, 129 S.Ct. 1481 (2009); Holmes v. South Carolina, 126 S.Ct. 1727 (2006); Kansas v. Marsh, 126 S.Ct. 2516 (2006); Ring v. Arizona, 536 U.S. 584 (2002); Sattazahn v. Pennsylvania, 537 U.S. 101 (2003). This new edition includes 13 new chapters. They cover such topics as capital felon’s defense team; habeas corpus, coram nobis and section 1983 proceedings; the Innocence protection act and post-conviction DNA testing; challenging the death sentence under racial justice acts; inhabited American territories; and the costs of capital punishment.
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Louis J. Palmer, Encyclopedia Of Abortion In The United States Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Abortion In The United States books, Covers the political, legal, social, religious, and medical issues associated with abortion.
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Gordon Morris Bakken, Invitation To An Execution Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Invitation To An Execution books, Until the early twentieth century, printed invitations to executions issued by lawmen were a vital part of the ritual of death concluding a criminal proceeding in the United States. In this study, Gordon Morris Bakken invites readers to an understanding of the death penalty in America with a collection of essays that trace the history and politics of this highly charged moral, legal, and cultural issue. Bakken has solicited essays from historians, political scientists, and lawyers to ensure a broad treatment of the evolution of American cultural attitudes about crime and capital punishment. Part one of this extensive analysis focuses on politics, legal history, multicultural issues, and the international aspects of the death penalty. Part two offers a regional analysis with essays that put death penalty issues into a geographic and cultural context. Part three focuses on specific states with emphasis on the need to understand capital punishment in terms of state law development, particularly because states determine on whom the death penalty will be imposed. Part four examines the various means of death, from hanging to lethal injection, in state law case studies. And finally, part five focuses on the portrayal of capital punishment in popular culture.
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by David Levinson, Encyclopedia Of Crime And Punishment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Crime And Punishment books, "Authoritative and comprehensive, this multivolume set includes hundreds of articles in the field of criminal justice. Impressive arrays of authors have contributed to this resource, addressing such diverse topics as racial profiling, money laundering, torture, prisoner literature, the KGB, and Sing Sing. Written in an accessible manner and attractively presented, the background discussions, definitions, and explanations of important issues and future trends are absorbing. Interesting sidebars and facts,reference lists, relevant court cases, tables, and black-and-white photographs supplement the entries. Appendixes cover careers in criminal justice, Web resources, and professional organizations. A lengthy bibliography lists relevant works."--"The Best of the Best Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2003.
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by David Levinson, Encyclopedia Of Crime And Punishment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Crime And Punishment books, "The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the much-needed practices, policies, and research and will be of interest to students, teachers, and the general reader alike. This work should be on the shelves of all libraries with collections in the social sciences." Larry E. Sullivan, Ph.D. Chief Librarian, John Jay College of Criminal Justice Crime. It started with Cain and Abel, and it won't end with the Sopranos. Our fascination with transgression and its punishment is universal. And now, from Sage – the publisher of criminal justice abstracts and other standards in the field – comes the ultimate reference source on this all-consuming subject: comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-the second. Comprehensive and balanced coverage of: Concepts and theories Correction Law Crimes Methods and statistics National surveys Organizations Police science Social and cultural context Features and benefits: - 100% original content - Broader, more up-to-date coverage than any other source on the market 275 Contributors 425 Signed entries 150 Illustrations Prestigious advisory board overseeing quality 1.5 million words 250 sidebars offering key primary source documents 100 "factoids," spotlighting important, and sometimes startling, information International coverage, with focus on the contemporary United States Chronology, master bibliography, and general index Appendixes: Careers in criminal justice; Professional organizations; Guidance on using the Web to collect accurate information Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment covers the waterfront. Entries include: Broken windows theory Child witness Environmental crime Interpol Media Pathology Prison industry Religion in prison Securities fraud Spectator violence Television Victimization War crimes Wrongful convictions ADVISORY BOARD Anita Blowers University of North Carolina, Charlotte Eve Buzawa University of Massachusetts, Lowell Ric Curtis John Jay College of Criminal Justice Harry Dammer Niagara University Obi Ebbe University of Tennessee, Chattanooga Frank Horvath Michigan State University Phyllis Schultze Rutgers University Larry Sullivan John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by , International Encyclopedia Of Human Geography Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download International Encyclopedia Of Human Geography books, International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Second Edition embraces diversity by design and captures the ways in which humans share places and view differences based on gender, race, nationality, location and other factors—in other words, the things that make people and places different. Questions of, for example, politics, economics, race relations and migration are introduced and discussed through a geographical lens. This updated edition will assist readers in their research by providing factual information, historical perspectives, theoretical approaches, reviews of literature, and provocative topical discussions that will stimulate creative thinking. Presents the most up-to-date and comprehensive coverage on the topic of human geography Contains extensive scope and depth of coverage Emphasizes how geographers interact with, understand and contribute to problem-solving in the contemporary world Places an emphasis on how geography is relevant in a social and interdisciplinary context
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by J. Mitchell Miller, Encyclopedia Of Criminology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Criminology books, This three-volume work offers a comprehensive review of the pivotal concepts, measures, theories, and practices that comprise criminology and criminal justice. No longer just a subtopic of sociology, criminology has become an independent academic field of study that incorporates scholarship from numerous disciplines including psychology, political science, behavioral science, law, economics, public health, family studies, social work, and many others. The three-volume Encyclopedia of Criminology presents the latest research as well as the traditional topics which reflect the field's multidisciplinary nature in a single, authoritative reference work. More than 525 alphabetically arranged entries by the leading authorities in the discipline comprise this definitive, international resource. The pivotal concepts, measures, theories, and practices of the field are addressed with an emphasis on comparative criminology and criminal justice. While the primary focus of the work is on American criminology and contemporary criminal justice in the United States, extensive global coverage of other nations' justice systems is included, and the increasing international nature of crime is explored thoroughly. Providing the most up-to-date scholarship in addition to the traditional theories on criminology, the Encyclopedia of Criminology is the essential one-stop reference for students and scholars alike to explore the broad expanse of this multidisciplinary field.
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Laura L. Finley, Crime And Punishment In America An Encyclopedia Of Trends And Controversies In The Justice System 2 Volumes Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Crime And Punishment In America An Encyclopedia Of Trends And Controversies In The Justice System 2 Volumes books, Covering some of the most hotly contested topics in crime and criminal justice, including proposed sentencing and prison reforms, controversial developments like Stand Your Ground laws, and Supreme Court decisions, this work supplies essential background, current data, and a range of viewpoints on these important issues. • Provides readers with a thorough analysis of the most controversial topics in criminal justice that includes contributions from renowned scholars, activists, victim service providers, and other experts • Addresses current trends and problems in America's criminal justice system • Includes tables, graphs, and charts tracking the most important developments related to crime, sentencing, and the prison system
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Clifton D. Bryant, Encyclopedia Of Death Human Experience Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Death Human Experience books,
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Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Shannon Graff Hysell, Recommended Reference Books For Small And Medium Sized Libraries And Media Centers Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Recommended Reference Books For Small And Medium Sized Libraries And Media Centers books, An annotated bibliography listing general reference works as well as those on social sciences, humanities, and science and technology
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Michael Kryzanek, Debates Differences And Divisions Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Debates Differences And Divisions books, Debuting it its first edition, this book is organized around the approach that American politics can best be understood by examining the issues that reflect the ideas, principles, concerns, fears, morals and hopes of the American people. Debates, Differences and Divisions looks at twenty-five hot button issues affecting American politics and policy today. The author argues that these issues are the heart and soul of the American political system, serving as the basis for the disagreements that drive our political system into action.
Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Anna H. Perrault, United States History Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download United States History books, This important work has been completely revised and expanded with the addition of online databases, Web sites and CD-ROM titles. It identifies and describes hundreds of reference books that pertain to American history; entries offer thorough annotations that are both descriptive and evaluative. Arranged topically, chapters cover U.S. history in terms of politics and government; diplomatic history and foreign affairs; military history; social, cultural, and intellectual history; regional history; and economic history. Introductory scope notes provide valuable expository information and suggested search strategies in such areas as automation, government documents, and genealogy. Includes works published through 2002.
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Encyclopedia Of Capital Punishment In The United States by Maren Tribukait, Gef Hrliche Sensationen Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Gef Hrliche Sensationen books, Als in den 1920er Jahren Verbrechensfotos in Zeitungen und Zeitschriften zu zirkulieren begannen, galten sie als gefährliche Sensationen, die Ängste schüren, Stimmungen aufschaukeln und zur Nachahmung anregen. Pressefotografien von Tätern und Opfern, Tatorten und Strafprozessen erregten eine hohe Aufmerksamkeit und riefen Kritik hervor. Ihnen wurde eine Macht über die Betrachter zugeschrieben, doch worin bestand diese Macht und wo lagen ihre Grenzen? Welche Funktionen kamen diesen Bildern im Dreieck von Kriminalität, Justiz und Öffentlichkeit zu und wie erzeugten sie Sinn? Angeregt durch Ansätze der Visual History geht die Studie von Maren Tribukait diesen Fragen nach und untersucht vergleichend die amerikanische und deutsche Bildpraxis in der klassischen Moderne. Anhand ausgewählter Fallbeispiele werden die öffentliche Wirkung und die gesellschaftlichen Funktionen der Verbrechensfotografien analysiert, wobei auch die symbolische Ebene einbezogen wird. Gleichzeitig werden die Zeigbarkeitsregeln in beiden Ländern rekonstruiert und so die Unterschiede der deutschen und der amerikanischen Medienkultur im 20. Jahrhundert herausgearbeitet. Indem die Ambivalenzen der Fotografie betont werden, gelingt eine differenzierte Darstellung der medialen Konstruktion von Kriminalität, die die Debatte um die Macht der Bilder bereichert.