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International Trade And The Armenian Merchants In The Seventeenth Century

International trade and the Armenian merchants in the Seventeenth century PDF
Author: Vahan Baibourtian
Publisher:
ISBN: 9788120726031
Format: PDF, Kindle
Pages : 261
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 46.63 MB
View: 4283

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International Trade And The Armenian Merchants In The Seventeenth Century

by Vahan Baibourtian, International Trade And The Armenian Merchants In The Seventeenth Century Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download International Trade And The Armenian Merchants In The Seventeenth Century books, This book examines the thriving trade relations of the Armenian merchants with numerous countries since the late Medieval Ages, focusing on the early modern period of that era.


From The Indian Ocean To The Mediterranean

From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean PDF
Author: Sebouh David Aslanian
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520282175
Format: PDF, Docs
Pages : 392
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 67.78 MB
View: 7172

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From The Indian Ocean To The Mediterranean

by Sebouh David Aslanian, From The Indian Ocean To The Mediterranean Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download From The Indian Ocean To The Mediterranean books, Drawing on a rich trove of documents, including correspondence not seen for 300 years, this study explores the emergence and growth of a remarkable global trade network operated by Armenian silk merchants from a small outpost in the Persian Empire. Based in New Julfa, Isfahan, in what is now Iran, these merchants operated a network of commercial settlements that stretched from London and Amsterdam to Manila and Acapulco. The New Julfan Armenians were the only Eurasian community that was able to operate simultaneously and successfully in all the major empires of the early modern world—both land-based Asian empires and the emerging sea-borne empires—astonishingly without the benefits of an imperial network and state that accompanied and facilitated European mercantile expansion during the same period. This book brings to light for the first time the trans-imperial cosmopolitan world of the New Julfans. Among other topics, it explores the effects of long distance trade on the organization of community life, the ethos of trust and cooperation that existed among merchants, and the importance of information networks and communication in the operation of early modern mercantile communities.


Merchant Colonies In The Early Modern Period

Merchant Colonies in the Early Modern Period PDF
Author: Victor N Zakharov
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317320522
Format: PDF, Kindle
Pages : 256
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 52.23 MB
View: 762

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Merchant Colonies In The Early Modern Period

by Victor N Zakharov, Merchant Colonies In The Early Modern Period Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Merchant Colonies In The Early Modern Period books, Merchant colonies were a significant factor for economic growth in Europe during the early modern period. The essays in this collection look at merchant colonies across Europe, assessing their function, legal status, interaction with local traders and assimilation into their host countries.


The Family

The Family PDF
Author: Mary Jo Maynes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199929998
Format: PDF
Pages : 168
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Size: 52.67 MB
View: 2823

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The Family

by Mary Jo Maynes, The Family Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download The Family books, People have always lived in families, but what that means has varied dramatically across time and cultures. The family is not a "natural" phenomenon but an institution with a dynamic history stretching 10,000 years into the past. Mary Jo Maynes and Ann Waltner tell the story of this fundamental unit from the beginnings of domestication and human settlement. They consider the codification of rules governing marriage in societies around the ancient world, the changing conceptions of family wrought by the heightened pace of colonialism and globalization in the modern world, and how state policies shape families today. The authors illustrate ways in which differences in gender and generation have affected family relations over the millennia. Cooperation between family members--by birth or marriage--has driven expansions of power and fusions of culture in times and places as different as ancient Mesopotamia, where kings' daughters became priestesses who mediated among the various cultures and religions of their fathers' kingdom, and sixteenth-century Mexico, in which alliances between Spanish men and indigenous women variously allowed for consolidation of colonial power or empowered resistance to colonial rule. But family discord has also driven - and been driven by - historical events such as China's 1919 May Fourth Movement, in which young people seeking an end to patriarchal authority were key participants. Maynes's and Waltner's view of the family as a force of history brings to light processes of human development and patterns of social life and allows for new insights into the human past and present.


The Jews Of The Ottoman Empire In The Late Fifteenth And The Sixteenth Centuries

The Jews of the Ottoman Empire in the Late Fifteenth and the Sixteenth Centuries PDF
Author: Aryeh Shmuelevitz
Publisher: Brill Archive
ISBN: 9789004070714
Format: PDF, Kindle
Pages : 207
Category : Jews
Languages : en
Size: 32.78 MB
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The Jews Of The Ottoman Empire In The Late Fifteenth And The Sixteenth Centuries

by Aryeh Shmuelevitz, The Jews Of The Ottoman Empire In The Late Fifteenth And The Sixteenth Centuries Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download The Jews Of The Ottoman Empire In The Late Fifteenth And The Sixteenth Centuries books,


Merchants Mamluks And Murder

Merchants  Mamluks  and Murder PDF
Author: Thabit Abdullah
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791448083
Format: PDF
Pages : 180
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 34.25 MB
View: 3082

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Merchants Mamluks And Murder

by Thabit Abdullah, Merchants Mamluks And Murder Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Merchants Mamluks And Murder books, A historiography of Ottoman Basra, a trade center in the eighteenth century.


Merchants Companies And Trade

Merchants  Companies and Trade PDF
Author: Sushil Chaudhury
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521037471
Format: PDF, Mobi
Pages : 344
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Size: 29.96 MB
View: 4108

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Merchants Companies And Trade

by Sushil Chaudhury, Merchants Companies And Trade Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Merchants Companies And Trade books, A comparative study looking at the development of trade between Europe and Asia with contributions from leading scholars.


The Indian Ocean In World History

The Indian Ocean in World History PDF
Author: Edward A. Alpers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199929947
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Pages : 192
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 38.37 MB
View: 2169

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The Indian Ocean In World History

by Edward A. Alpers, The Indian Ocean In World History Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download The Indian Ocean In World History books, The Indian Ocean remains the least studied of the world's geographic regions. Yet there have been major cultural exchanges across its waters and around its shores from the third millennium B.C.E. to the present day. Historian Edward A. Alpers explores the complex issues involved in cultural exchange in the Indian Ocean Rim region over the course of this long period of time by combining a historical approach with the insights of anthropology, art history, ethnomusicology, and geography. The Indian Ocean witnessed several significant diasporas during the past two millennia, including migrations of traders, indentured laborers, civil servants, sailors, and slaves throughout the entire basin. Persians and Arabs from the Gulf came to eastern Africa and Madagascar as traders and settlers, while Hadramis dispersed from south Yemen as traders and Muslim teachers to the Comoro Islands, Zanzibar, South India, and Indonesia. Southeast Asians migrated to Madagascar, and Chinese dispersed from Southeast Asia to the Mascarene Islands to South Africa. Alpers also explores the cultural exchanges that diasporas cause, telling stories of identity and cultural transformation through language, popular religion, music, dance, art and architecture, and social organization. For example, architectural and decorative styles in eastern Africa, the Red Sea, the Hadramaut, the Persian Gulf, and western India reflect cultural interchanges in multiple directions. Similarly, the popular musical form of taarab in Zanzibar and coastal East Africa incorporates elements of Arab, Indian, and African musical traditions, while the characteristic frame drum (ravanne) of séga, the widespread Afro-Creole dance of the Mascarene and Seychelles Islands, probably owes its ultimate origins to Arabia by way of Mozambique. The Indian Ocean in World History also discusses issues of trade and production that show the long history of exchange throughout the Indian Ocean world; politics and empire-building by both regional and European powers; and the role of religion and religious conversion, focusing mainly on Islam, but also mentioning Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity. Using a broad geographic perspective, the book includes references to connections between the Indian Ocean world and the Americas. Moving into the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, Alpers looks at issues including the new configuration of colonial territorial boundaries after World War I, and the search for oil reserves.


Religion And Trade

Religion and Trade PDF
Author: Francesca Trivellato
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199379211
Format: PDF, ePub
Pages : 304
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 37.17 MB
View: 5547

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Religion And Trade

by Francesca Trivellato, Religion And Trade Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Religion And Trade books, Although trade connects distant people and regions, bringing cultures closer together through the exchange of material goods and ideas, it has not always led to unity and harmony. From the era of the Crusades to the dawn of colonialism, exploitation and violence characterized many trading ventures, which required vessels and convoys to overcome tremendous technological obstacles and merchants to grapple with strange customs and manners in a foreign environment. Yet despite all odds, experienced traders and licensed brokers, as well as ordinary people, travelers, pilgrims, missionaries, and interlopers across the globe, concocted ways of bartering, securing credit, and establishing relationships with people who did not speak their language, wore different garb, and worshipped other gods. Religion and Trade: Cross-Cultural Exchanges in World History, 1000-1900 focuses on trade across religious boundaries around the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic and Indian Oceans during the second millennium. Written by an international team of scholars, the essays in this volume examine a wide range of commercial exchanges, from first encounters between strangers from different continents to everyday transactions between merchants who lived in the same city yet belonged to diverse groups. In order to broach the intriguing yet surprisingly neglected subject of how the relationship between trade and religion developed historically, the authors consider a number of interrelated questions: When and where was religion invoked explicitly as part of commercial policies? How did religious norms affect the everyday conduct of trade? Why did economic imperatives, political goals, and legal institutions help sustain commercial exchanges across religious barriers in different times and places? When did trade between religious groups give way to more tolerant views of "the other" and when, by contrast, did it coexist with hostile images of those decried as "infidels"? Exploring captivating examples from across the world and spanning the course of the second millennium, this groundbreaking volume sheds light on the political, economic, and juridical underpinnings of cross-cultural trade as it emerged or developed at various times and places, and reflects on the cultural and religious significance of the passage of strange persons and exotic objects across the many frontiers that separated humankind in medieval and early modern times.


The Armenians

The Armenians PDF
Author: Edmund Herzig
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135798370
Format: PDF
Pages : 260
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Size: 70.98 MB
View: 5811

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The Armenians

by Edmund Herzig, The Armenians Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download The Armenians books, A comprehensive introduction to the historical forces and recent social and political developments that have shaped today's Armenian people. With contributions from leading Armenian, American and European specialists, the book focuses on identity formation, exploring how the Armenians' perceptions of themselves and their place in the world are informed by their history, culture and present-day situation. The book also covers contemporary politics, economy and society, and relates these to ongoing debates over future directions for the Armenian people, both in the homeland and in the diaspora communities.