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Labor In Colonial Kenya After The Forced Labor Convention 1930 1963

Labor in Colonial Kenya after the Forced Labor Convention  1930   1963 PDF
Author: Opolot Okia
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030176088
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Pages : 265
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 57.49 MB
View: 3941

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Labor In Colonial Kenya After The Forced Labor Convention 1930 1963

by Opolot Okia, Labor In Colonial Kenya After The Forced Labor Convention 1930 1963 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Labor In Colonial Kenya After The Forced Labor Convention 1930 1963 books, This book advances research into the government-forced labor used widely in colonial Kenya from 1930 to 1963 after the passage of the International Labor Organization’s Forced Labour Convention. While the 1930 Convention intended to mark the suppression of forced labor practices, various exemptions meant that many coercive labor practices continued in colonial territories. Focusing on East Africa and the Kenya Colony, this book shows how the colonial administration was able to exploit the exemption clause for communal labor, thus ensuring the mobilization of African labor for infrastructure development. As an exemption, communal labor was not defined as forced labor but instead justified as a continuation of traditional African and community labor practices. Despite this ideological justification, the book shows that communal labor was indeed an intensification of coercive labor practices and one that penalized Africans for non-compliance with fines or imprisonment. The use of forced labor before and after the passage of the Convention is examined, with a focus on its use during World War II as well as in efforts to combat soil erosion in the rural African reserve areas in Kenya. The exploitation of female labor, the Mau Mau war of the 1950s, civilian protests, and the regeneration of communal labor as harambee after independence are also discussed.


Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya

Communal Labor in Colonial Kenya PDF
Author: O. Okia
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230392962
Format: PDF
Pages : 186
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 27.54 MB
View: 1745

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Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya

by O. Okia, Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya books, This project examines the development of forced labor in colonial Kenya from 1912 to 1930 and the parallel normalization of communal forced labor during this time period. The colonial reinvention of traditional unpaid labor was, as the noted historian of Kenya, Robert Maxon, has stated, 'based upon a completely fallacious view of the traditional history of Kenya's people.' Even among certain ethnic groups with a nebulous tradition of communal or collective labor, the labor requirements under communal labor were frequently distorted to the point were coerced labor no longer resembled its community based origins. State manipulation of these communal obligations was, in fact, part of a more general phenomenon in Africa. Europeans in Africa made use of invented tradition to both co-opt and ideologically solidify certain Africans into positions of leadership, like chiefs, and to also redefine relationships between Europeans and Africans. Seen by the state as merely an extension of tribal duties and resurrected as another phantom of customary law, communal labor was not actually exploitation but a form of relearning. In the case of communal labor, the British in Kenya used the Native Authority Ordinance to 'invent' traditional powers that galvanized the authority of chiefs to call out the labor. Conversely, chiefs also took advantage of these 'traditional' mandates to enhance their own status.


Village Work

Village Work PDF
Author: Alice Wiemers
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821447378
Format: PDF, Kindle
Pages : 250
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Size: 27.49 MB
View: 4898

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Village Work

by Alice Wiemers, Village Work Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Village Work books, A robust historical case study that demonstrates how village development became central to the rhetoric and practice of statecraft in rural Ghana. Combining oral histories with decades of archival material, Village Work formulates a sweeping history of twentieth-century statecraft that centers on the daily work of rural people, local officials, and family networks, rather than on the national governments and large-scale plans that often dominate development stories. Wiemers shows that developmentalism was not simply created by governments and imposed on the governed; instead, it was jointly constructed through interactions between them. The book contributes to the historiographies of development and statecraft in Africa and the Global South by emphasizing the piecemeal, contingent, and largely improvised ways both development and the state are comprised and experienced providing new entry points into longstanding discussions about developmental power and discourse unsettling common ideas about how and by whom states are made exposing the importance of unpaid labor in mediating relationships between governments and the governed showing how state engagement could both exacerbate and disrupt inequities Despite massive changes in twentieth-century political structures—the imposition and destruction of colonial rule, nationalist plans for pan-African solidarity and modernization, multiple military coups, and the rise of neoliberal austerity policies—unremunerated labor and demonstrations of local leadership have remained central tools by which rural Ghanaians have interacted with the state. Grounding its analysis of statecraft in decades of daily negotiations over budgets and bureaucracy, the book tells the stories of developers who decided how and where projects would be sited, of constituents who performed labor, and of a chief and his large cadre of educated children who met and shaped demands for local leaders. For a variety of actors, invoking “the village” became a convenient way to allocate or attract limited resources, to highlight or downplay struggles over power, and to forge national and international networks.


Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya

Communal Labor in Colonial Kenya PDF
Author: O. Okia
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230392962
Format: PDF, Mobi
Pages : 186
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 24.66 MB
View: 7452

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Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya

by O. Okia, Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Communal Labor In Colonial Kenya books, This project examines the development of forced labor in colonial Kenya from 1912 to 1930 and the parallel normalization of communal forced labor during this time period. The colonial reinvention of traditional unpaid labor was, as the noted historian of Kenya, Robert Maxon, has stated, 'based upon a completely fallacious view of the traditional history of Kenya's people.' Even among certain ethnic groups with a nebulous tradition of communal or collective labor, the labor requirements under communal labor were frequently distorted to the point were coerced labor no longer resembled its community based origins. State manipulation of these communal obligations was, in fact, part of a more general phenomenon in Africa. Europeans in Africa made use of invented tradition to both co-opt and ideologically solidify certain Africans into positions of leadership, like chiefs, and to also redefine relationships between Europeans and Africans. Seen by the state as merely an extension of tribal duties and resurrected as another phantom of customary law, communal labor was not actually exploitation but a form of relearning. In the case of communal labor, the British in Kenya used the Native Authority Ordinance to 'invent' traditional powers that galvanized the authority of chiefs to call out the labor. Conversely, chiefs also took advantage of these 'traditional' mandates to enhance their own status.


Kritik Der Schwarzen Vernunft

Kritik der schwarzen Vernunft PDF
Author: Achille Mbembe
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518738488
Format: PDF
Pages : 332
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Size: 34.13 MB
View: 3914

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Kritik Der Schwarzen Vernunft

by Achille Mbembe, Kritik Der Schwarzen Vernunft Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Kritik Der Schwarzen Vernunft books, Der globale Kapitalismus hat seit seiner Entstehung immer schon nicht nur Waren, sondern auch »Rassen« und »Spezies« produziert. Ihm liegt ein rassistisches Denken, eine »schwarze Vernunft« zugrunde, wie der große afrikanische Philosoph und Vordenker des Postkolonialismus Achille Mbembe in seinem brillanten und mitreißenden Buch zeigt. Der sich unaufhaltsam ausbreitende Kapitalismus neoliberaler Spielart überträgt die Figur des »Negers« nun auf die gesamte »subalterne Menschheit«. In diesem Prozess des »Schwarzwerdens der Welt«, so die radikale Kritik Mbembes, bilden auch Europa und seine Bürger mittlerweile nur noch eine weitere Provinz im weltumspannenden Imperium dieses Kapitalismus.


Seeing Like A Citizen

Seeing Like a Citizen PDF
Author: Kara Moskowitz
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821446894
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Pages : 336
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 62.51 MB
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Seeing Like A Citizen

by Kara Moskowitz, Seeing Like A Citizen Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Seeing Like A Citizen books, In Seeing Like a Citizen, Kara Moskowitz approaches Kenya’s late colonial and early postcolonial eras as a single period of political, economic, and social transition. In focusing on rural Kenyans—the vast majority of the populace and the main targets of development interventions—as they actively sought access to aid, she offers new insights into the texture of political life in decolonizing Kenya and the early postcolonial world. Using multi-sited archival sources and oral histories focused on the western Rift Valley, Seeing Like a Citizen makes three fundamental contributions to our understanding of African and Kenyan history. First, it challenges the widely accepted idea of the gatekeeper state, revealing that state control remained limited and that the postcolonial state was an internally varied and often dissonant institution. Second, it transforms our understanding of postcolonial citizenship, showing that its balance of rights and duties was neither claimed nor imposed, but negotiated and differentiated. Third, it reorients Kenyan historiography away from central Kenya and elite postcolonial politics. The result is a powerful investigation of experiences of independence, of the meaning and form of development, and of how global political practices were composed and recomposed on the ground in local settings.


The World Of Child Labor

The World of Child Labor PDF
Author: Hugh D Hindman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317453859
Format: PDF, ePub
Pages : 1033
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Size: 11.74 MB
View: 4301

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The World Of Child Labor

by Hugh D Hindman, The World Of Child Labor Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download The World Of Child Labor books, "The World of Child Labor" details both the current and historical state of child labor in each region of the world, focusing on its causes, consequences, and cures. Child labor remains a problem of immense social and economic proportions throughout the developing world, and there is a global movement underway to do away with it. Volume editor Hugh D. Hindman has assembled an international team of leading child labor scholars, researchers, policy-makers, and activists to provide a comprehensive reference with over 220 essays. This volume first provides a current global snapshot with overview essays on the dimensions of the problem and those institutions and organizations combating child labor. Thereafter the organization of the work is regional, covering developed, developing, and less developed regions of the world.The reference goes around the globe to document the contemporary and historical state of child labor within each major region (Africa, Latin and South America, North America, Europe, Middle East, Asia, and Oceania) including country-level accounts for nearly half of the world's nations. Country-level essays for more developed nations include historical material in addition to current issues in child labor. All country-level essays address specific facets of child labor problems, such as industries and occupations in which children commonly work, the national child welfare policy, occupational safety regulations, educational system, and laws, and often highlight significant initiatives against child labor.Current statistical data accompany most country-level essays that include ratifications to UN and ILO conventions, the Human Development Index, human capital indicators, economic indicators, and national child labor surveys conducted by the Statistical Information and Monitoring Program on Child Labor. "The World of Child Labor" is designed to be a self-contained, comprehensive reference for high school, college, and professional researchers. Maps, photos, figures, tables, references, and index are included.


Menschenrechte In Der Weltgesellschaft

Menschenrechte in der Weltgesellschaft PDF
Author: Bettina Heintz
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593433354
Format: PDF, Mobi
Pages : 398
Category : Social Science
Languages : de
Size: 61.61 MB
View: 4068

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Menschenrechte In Der Weltgesellschaft

by Bettina Heintz, Menschenrechte In Der Weltgesellschaft Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Menschenrechte In Der Weltgesellschaft books, Armut, Entwicklung, Terrorismus und Behinderung - alles wird in einen menschenrechtlichen Bezugsrahmen gestellt. Seit wann sind Menschenrechte zu einem globalen Leitwert avanciert und weshalb? Der erste soziologische Band zu Menschenrechten im deutschsprachigen Raum geht dieser Frage aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven nach: Er vermittelt einerseits einen Überblick über wichtige theoretische Ansätze wie dem Neo-Institutionalismus, der Systemtheorie und Hans Joas' Genealogie der Menschenrechte. Anderseits versammelt er empirische Fallstudien etwa zu Indigenenrechten, der Entstehung der Allgemeinen Erklärung der Menschenrechte, zu den Arbeitsrechten der ILO und den Rechtsverletzungen in "extraterritorialen Räumen " am Beispiel der Hohen See. Die Reihe "Studien zur Weltgesellschaft" bietet ein Forum für die im deutschen Sprachraum bisher verstreut veröffentlichten Beiträge zur soziologischen Globalisierungs- und Weltgesellschaftsforschung. Sie knüpft an etablierte Programme an, wie die neo-institutionalistische World-Polity-Forschung und die systemtheoretische Soziologie der Weltgesellschaft, und zielt zugleich auf die kritische Auseinandersetzung mit allen sozialund geschichtswissenschaftlichen Forschungsprogrammen, die theoriebewusst globale Strukturen und Dynamiken analysieren. Studien zu globalen Institutionen und Diffusionsprozessen finden daher ebenso Eingang wie Untersuchungen zu transnationalen Bewegungen und Netzwerken sowie historische Fallstudien zu Kolonialismus, Imperialismus und der Entstehung moderner Nationalstaaten.


Warum Nationen Scheitern

Warum Nationen scheitern PDF
Author: Daron Acemoglu
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 310402247X
Format: PDF
Pages : 608
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : de
Size: 12.49 MB
View: 288

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Warum Nationen Scheitern

by Daron Acemoglu, Warum Nationen Scheitern Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Warum Nationen Scheitern books, Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«


Hintert Ren Zur Macht

Hintert  ren zur Macht PDF
Author: Madeleine Herren
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486713701
Format: PDF, Docs
Pages : 570
Category : History
Languages : de
Size: 20.70 MB
View: 5457

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Hintert Ren Zur Macht

by Madeleine Herren, Hintert Ren Zur Macht Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Hintert Ren Zur Macht books, Im ausgehenden 19. Jahrhundert fand eine Verdichtung grenzübergreifender, nichtstaatlicher Kontakte bisher unbekannten Ausmaßes statt. Die Staaten der westlichen Welt zelebrierten die entstehende Moderne mit der Gründung internationaler Organisationen und der Veranstaltung von Weltausstellungen, mit immer zahlreicheren Konferenzen und Kongressen. Am Beispiel dreier Staaten, die an der Peripherie des europäischen Großmächtesystems existierten, wird nachgewiesen, daß die neuen grenzübergreifenden Netzwerke neben der konventionellen Diplomatie als Hintertüren zur Macht genutzt werden konnten.