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The Rhetoric Of Eugenics In Anglo American Thought

The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo American Thought PDF
Author: Marouf Arif Hasian
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820317717
Format: PDF
Pages : 265
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Size: 73.72 MB
View: 6325

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The Rhetoric Of Eugenics In Anglo American Thought

by Marouf Arif Hasian, The Rhetoric Of Eugenics In Anglo American Thought Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download The Rhetoric Of Eugenics In Anglo American Thought books, Ranging in subject from England's poor laws to the Human Genome Project, The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought is one of the first books to look at the history and development of the eugenics movement in Anglo-American culture. Unlike other works that focus on the movement's historical aberrancies or the claims of its hardline proponents, this study highlights the often unnoticed ways in which the language and ideas of eugenics have permeated democratic discourse. Marouf A. Hasian, Jr. not only examines the attempts of philosophers, scientists, and politicians to balance the rights of the individual against the duties of the state, but also shows how African Americans, Catholics, women, and other communities--dominant and marginalized--have appropriated or confronted the rhetoric of eugenics. Hasian contends that "eugenics" is an ambiguous term that has allowed people to voice their concerns on a number of social issues--a form of discourse that influences the way ordinary citizens make sense of their material and spiritual world. While biological determinism and social necessity are discussed in the works of Plato, Malthus, and Darwin, among others, with theories ranging from equality for all to natural superiority, it is Galton's observations on "positive" and "negative" eugenics that have been widely used to justify a variety of social and political projects--including the sterilization and segregation of the unfit, immigration restrictions, marriage regulations, substance abuse, physical and mental testing, and the establishment of health programs that sought to improve "hygiene." Women, African Americans, and other marginalized communities, for instance, have at times lost reproductive rights in the name of "liberty," "opportunity," or "necessity." Eugenical arguments are more than a creation of pseudo-science or misapplied genetical analysis, Hasian determines; they are also rhetorical fragments, representing the ideologies of multitudes of social actors who, across time, have reconfigured these ideas to legitimize many agendas.


Art Sex And Eugenics

 Art  Sex and Eugenics   PDF
Author: Anthea Callen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351575414
Format: PDF, Mobi
Pages : 316
Category : Art
Languages : en
Size: 13.11 MB
View: 6127

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Art Sex And Eugenics

by Anthea Callen, Art Sex And Eugenics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Art Sex And Eugenics books, This book reveals how art and sex promoted the desire for the genetically perfect body. Its eight chapters demonstrate that before eugenics was stigmatized by the Holocaust and Western histories were sanitized of its prevalence, a vast array of Western politicians, physicians, eugenic societies, family leagues, health associations, laboratories and museums advocated, through verbal and visual cultures, the breeding of 'the master race'. Each chapter illustrates the uncanny resemblances between models of sexual management and the perfect eugenic body in America, Britain, France, Communist Russia and Nazi Germany both before and after the Second World War. Traced back to the eighteenth-century anatomy lesson, the perfect eugenic body is revealed as athletic, hygienic, 'pure-blooded' and sexually potent. This paradigm is shown to have persisted as much during the Bolshevik sexual revolution, as in democratic nations and fascist regimes. Consistently posed naked, these images were unashamedly exhibitionist and voyeuristic. Despite stringent legislation against obscenity, not only were these images commended for soliciting the spectator's gaze but also for motivating the spectator to act out their desire. An examination of the counter-archives of Maori and African Americans also exposes how biologically racist eugenics could be equally challenged by art. Ultimately this book establishes that art inculcated procreative sex with the Corpus Delecti - the delectable body, healthy, wholesome and sanctioned by eugenicists for improving the Western race.


Eugenics Aristogenics Photography

Eugenics   Aristogenics   Photography PDF
Author: Kris Belden-Adams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000182673
Format: PDF
Pages : 256
Category : Art
Languages : en
Size: 30.99 MB
View: 4985

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Eugenics Aristogenics Photography

by Kris Belden-Adams, Eugenics Aristogenics Photography Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Eugenics Aristogenics Photography books, This is the first study to explore the connections between late-19th-century university/college composite class portraits and the field of eugenics – which first took hold in the United States at Harvard University. Eugenics, "Aristogenics," Photography takes a closer look at how composite portraiture documented an idealized “reality” of the New England social-caste experience and explains how, when positioned in relation to the individual stories and portraits of members of the class, the portraits reveal points of non-conformity and rebellion with their own rhetoric.


Amerikas Gro E Ern Chterung

Amerikas gro  e Ern  chterung PDF
Author: Thomas Welskopp
Publisher: Verlag Ferd.Sch├╢ningh GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3506770268
Format: PDF, Kindle
Pages : 700
Category : Prohibition
Languages : de
Size: 58.79 MB
View: 7701

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Amerikas Gro E Ern Chterung

by Thomas Welskopp, Amerikas Gro E Ern Chterung Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Amerikas Gro E Ern Chterung books, Seit 1920 war ein nationales Alkoholverbot Bestandteil der amerikanischen Verfassung. Wie konnte es dazu kommen? Wie veränderte die Prohibition die amerikanische Gesellschaft? Welche Gründe führten zu ihrer Abschaffung im Jahre 1933? Thomas Welskopp legt eine Gesamtgeschichte und zugleich umfassende Gesellschaftsgeschichte der Vereinigten Staaten in der Zeit des nationalen Alkoholverbots vor. Ebenso anschaulich wie spannend erzählt der Autor, welch dramatischen Einfluss die Prohibitionsfrage und ihre Behandlung auf fast alle gesellschaftlichen Bereiche der USA ausübte. Wie entwickelten sich das Verfassungsrecht, die illegale - aber auch die legale - Alkoholwirtschaft, die Kultur des Trinkens und die Beziehungen zwischen den Geschlechtern, die Organisierte Kriminalität, die religiösen Milieus, die staatlichen Institutionen, die massenmediale Landschaft und schließlich die politische Kultur mitsamt dem amerikanischen Parteiensystem in den Jahren zwischen der Durchsetzung (1919) und der Abschaffung (1933) der National Prohibition?


Herausforderung Bev Lkerung

Herausforderung Bev  lkerung PDF
Author: Josef Ehmer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531906534
Format: PDF, Docs
Pages : 366
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Size: 49.95 MB
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Herausforderung Bev Lkerung

by Josef Ehmer, Herausforderung Bev Lkerung Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Herausforderung Bev Lkerung books, Thema des Bandes ist die facettenreiche Geschichte der Wissenschaften von der Bevölkerung. Er behandelt die frühen Phasen der Demographie, die enge Verflochtenheit zwischen Wissenschaft und Politik, die Theorien und Praktiken der Bevölkerungsforschung im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland wie im südosteuropäischen Raum, und die daraus erwachsenen Herausforderungen für die Nachkriegsentwicklungen der Bevölkerungswissenschaften in beiden Teilen Deutschlands und für die internationale Genozidforschung. Der Band ist Rainer Mackensen zum 80. Geburtstag gewidmet.


Popular Eugenics

Popular Eugenics PDF
Author: Susan Currell
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 082141691X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Pages : 406
Category : History
Languages : en
Size: 61.40 MB
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Popular Eugenics

by Susan Currell, Popular Eugenics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Popular Eugenics books, In a series of revealing essays, Popular Eugenics demonstrates that eugenic thought persisted in science and culture as well as in social policy and goes a long way toward explaining the durability of eugenic thinking and its effects on social policy in the United States.


President Trump And General Pershing

President Trump and General Pershing PDF
Author: Marouf A. Hasian, Jr.
Publisher: Palgrave Pivot
ISBN: 9783030014728
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Pages : 136
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Size: 11.92 MB
View: 7422

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President Trump And General Pershing

by Marouf A. Hasian, Jr., President Trump And General Pershing Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download President Trump And General Pershing books, This book provides a critical analysis of Donald Trump’s mention of General Pershing and his alleged use of bullets dipped in pig’s blood to kill 49 out of 50 captured Muslims during the suppression years in the Philippines. The author argues that most observers who heard this “fable” dismissed it as an inaccurate representation of historical realities that also maligned a great general. Using critiques of both Trump and “post-truths,” the author argues that instead of being summarily dismissive of these comments, academics, investigative journalists and others ought to follow the US president’s admonition that we study “history,” but do so in nuanced ways. The author argues that there are times when false renditions of historical events may in fact provide opportunities to revisit contentious pasts, and this book suggests that in place of sanitized military histories, we take this opportunity to provide detailed analyses of the “Moro” rebellion.


Racism And Sexual Oppression In Anglo America

Racism and Sexual Oppression in Anglo America PDF
Author: Ladelle McWhorter
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253220637
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Pages : 430
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Size: 11.68 MB
View: 379

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Racism And Sexual Oppression In Anglo America

by Ladelle McWhorter, Racism And Sexual Oppression In Anglo America Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Racism And Sexual Oppression In Anglo America books, An impassioned history of the politics of oppression


American Archives

American Archives PDF
Author: Shawn Michelle Smith
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691004785
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Pages : 299
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Size: 12.79 MB
View: 3668

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American Archives

by Shawn Michelle Smith, American Archives Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download American Archives books, Visual texts uniquely demonstrate the contested terms of American identity. In American Archives Shawn Michelle Smith offers a bold and disturbing account of how photography and the sciences of biological racialism joined forces in the nineteenth century to offer an idea of what Americans look like--or "should" look like. Her varied sources, which include the middle-class portrait, baby picture, criminal mugshot, and eugenicist record, as well as literary, scientific, and popular texts, enable her to demonstrate how new visual paradigms posed bodily appearance as an index to interior "essence." Ultimately we see how competing preoccupations over gender, class, race, and American identity were played out in the making of a wide range of popular and institutional photographs. Smith demonstrates that as the body was variously mapped and defined as the key to essentialized identities, the image of the white middle-class woman was often held up as the most complete American ideal. She begins by studying gendered images of middle-class domesticity to expose a transformation of feminine architectures of interiority into the "essences" of "blood," "character," and "race." She reads visual documents, as well as literary texts by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Pauline Hopkins, and Theodore Dreiser, as both indices of and forms of resistance to dominant images of gender, class, race, and national identity. Through this analysis Smith shows how the white male gaze that sought to define and constrain white women and people of color was contested and transformed over the course of the nineteenth century. Smith identifies nineteenth-century visual paradigms that continue to shape debates about the terms of American belonging today. American Archives contributes significantly to the growing field of American visual cultural studies, and it is unprecedented in explaining how practices of racialized looking and the parameters of "American looks" were established in the first place.


Wert Der Familie

Wert der Familie PDF
Author: Isabel Heinemann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110461730
Format: PDF, Kindle
Pages : 550
Category : History
Languages : de
Size: 16.97 MB
View: 5829

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Wert Der Familie

by Isabel Heinemann, Wert Der Familie Books available in PDF, EPUB, Kindle, Docs and Mobi Format. Download Wert Der Familie books, Die Analyse von Normveränderungen auf dem Feld der Familienwerte eignet sich besonders gut, um zu einem breiteren Verständnis gesellschaftlichen Wandels zu gelangen. Dies liegt erstens daran, dass die Familie während des gesamten 20. Jahrhunderts als wichtigste Mikroeinheit der Gesellschaft nach dem Individuum und als zentrale Instanz der Wertevermittlung an die nächste Generation galt. Öffentliche Debatten um die Familie, ihre Strukturen und ihre Werte unterstreichen stets deren Bedeutung für die Gesellschaft. Zweitens entfaltete das Familienideal der weißen „Middle Class" im 20. Jahrhundert eine prägende Wirkung für alle US-Amerikaner/innen. Es diente als Projektionsfläche von Integrations- und Aufstiegshoffnungen, inspirierte aber auch Diversifizierungs- und Abgrenzungsstrategien. Quellen der Studie sind insbesondere die nationale Tages- und Wochenpresse, Grundsatzentscheide des Supreme-Court und ihre Begründungen, Statements von Präsidenten und ihrer Stäbe, Ratgeber-Literatur und zeitgenössische wissenschaftliche Publikationen sowie Veröffentlichungen religiöser Organisationen und sozialer Bewegungen. Als zentrale Untersuchungsachsen dienen die Kategorien „Race, Class, and Gender" sowie die Frage nach der Gültigkeit des sozialwissenschaftlichen Postulats eines „Wertewandels".